Mexican Peso plunges against US Dollar

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  • Mexican Peso trips down against the US Dollar as USD/MXN posts solid gains.
  • Mexico’s economic docket revealed that Gross Fixed Investment printed a monthly decline in September.
  • Money market futures expect the US Federal Reserve to slash rates by more than 130 basis points toward the end of next year.

Mexican Peso (MXN) loses steam against the US Dollar (USD) during the North American session, as the rise in US Treasury bond yields is underpinning the US Dollar. Even though US Federal Reserve (Fed) Chair Jerome Powell pushed back against rate cut expectations, he failed. Nevertheless, the USD/MXN does not reflect that, as it trades at around 17.44, gaining more than 1.60 % daily.

Mexico's economic docket revealed that Gross Fixed Investment fell -1.5% MoM in September, reported the National Statistics Agency, INEGI. The same measures grew 21.9% in the twelve months to September, slowing from 29.2% from the August reading. Last Friday, the Bank of Mexico (Banxico) revealed that remittances in October rose by $5.81 billion. However, a stronger Peso dragged down the value of cash sent home by Mexicans living overseas. In Pesos, remittances fell 2.3% and 6.3% in real local currency terms when considering the Mexican currency appreciation, Goldman Sachs Analysts cited by Reuters said.

In the meantime, on Friday, Fed Chair Powell said he requires more evidence of the disinflationary process in the US despite acknowledging a decrease in prices. Nevertheless, he cautioned that it’s too soon to declare victory against inflation and added the Fed is ready to raise rates if needed. Despite Powell’s words, money market futures had priced in more than 130 basis points of rate cuts by the US central bank next year, with the first slash expected as soon as May 2024.

US Treasury bond yields are rising, with the 10-year benchmark note coupon at 4.255%, a tailwind for the Greenback. The US Dollar Index (DXY), which tracks the currency’s performance against a basket of six rivals, climbs 0.46%, up at 103.66.

Daily digest movers: Mexican Peso trims last Friday’s gains

  • Banxico revises economic growth upward from 3% to 3.3% for 2023 and projects the economy will rise 3% in 2024, from 2.1% previously forecast.
  • Regarding inflation prospects, the Mexican central bank foresees headline inflation at 4.4% in Q4 2023 (5.3% for core), while at the end of 2024, it is estimated at 3.4% (3.3% for core). The central bank forecasts headline and core inflation not to hit the 3% target imposed by the institution until 2025.
  • The Federal Reserve's favorite inflation gauge in October, the Core PCE Price Index rate softened from 3.7% to 3.5% YoY. Moreover, headline PCE inflation dropped from 3.4% to 3.0% YoY for the same twelve-month period.
  • On November 27, Banxico’s Deputy Governor, Jonathan Heath, commented that core prices must come down more, adding that one or two rate cuts may come next year, but “very gradually” and “with great caution.”
  • On November 24, a report revealed the economy in Mexico grew as expected in the third quarter on an annual and quarterly basis, suggesting the Bank of Mexico would likely stick to its hawkish stance, even though it opened the door for some easing.
  • Mexico's annual inflation increased from 4.31% to 4.32%, while core continued to ease from 5.33% to 5.31%, according to data on November 23.
  • A Citibanamex poll suggests that 25 of 32 economists expect Banxico's first rate cut in the first half of 2024.
  • The poll shows “a great dispersion” for interest rates next year, between 8.0% and 10.25%, revealed Citibanamex.
  • The same survey revealed that economists foresee headline annual inflation at 4.00% and core at 4.06%, both readings for the next year, while the USD/MXN exchange rate is seen at 19.00, up from 18.95, toward the end of 2024

Technical Analysis: Mexican Peso trips down as USD/MXN climbs above the 100-day SMA

The USD/MXN edges higher, as depicted by the daily chart, threatening to reclaim the 100-day Simple Moving Average (SMA) at 17.36. A breach of the latter could expose the November 30 daily high at 17.49, ahead of testing the 200-day SMA at 17.56. If buyers reclaim that level, then there would be nothing on the way north to challenge the 50-day SMA at 17.69.

Conversely, a bearish resumption is possible if USD/MXN stays under the 100-day SMA and slides below the 17.20 area. Once done, the first demand zone would be the 17.05 mark, ahead of the November 27 swing low of 17.03. If the pair drops below that level, the psychological 17.00 figure would be up next.

Banxico FAQs

The Bank of Mexico, also known as Banxico, is the country’s central bank. Its mission is to preserve the value of Mexico’s currency, the Mexican Peso (MXN), and to set the monetary policy. To this end, its main objective is to maintain low and stable inflation within target levels – at or close to its target of 3%, the midpoint in a tolerance band of between 2% and 4%.

The main tool of the Banxico to guide monetary policy is by setting interest rates. When inflation is above target, the bank will attempt to tame it by raising rates, making it more expensive for households and businesses to borrow money and thus cooling the economy. Higher interest rates are generally positive for the Mexican Peso (MXN) as they lead to higher yields, making the country a more attractive place for investors. On the contrary, lower interest rates tend to weaken MXN. The rate differential with the USD, or how the Banxico is expected to set interest rates compared with the US Federal Reserve (Fed), is a key factor.

Banxico meets eight times a year, and its monetary policy is greatly influenced by decisions of the US Federal Reserve (Fed). Therefore, the central bank’s decision-making committee usually gathers a week after the Fed. In doing so, Banxico reacts and sometimes anticipates monetary policy measures set by the Federal Reserve. For example, after the Covid-19 pandemic, before the Fed raised rates, Banxico did it first in an attempt to diminish the chances of a substantial depreciation of the Mexican Peso (MXN) and to prevent capital outflows that could destabilize the country.

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